Chinese Yuan Emerges as Top Choice for Cross-Border Transactions
According to data from the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, Bloomberg Intelligence (BI) found that the Chinese yuan now accounts for 48% of China's cross-border payments and receipts, a significant increase from almost zero in 2010.
In comparison, the percentage of cross-border payments made with the US dollar has decreased from 83% to 47%.
Stephen Chiu, chief Asia foreign exchange and rates strategist at BI, suggested that the increase in yuan usage is likely a result of China’s opening up of its capital account and the rising inflows for China bonds and outflows for Hong Kong stocks.
However, it’s worth noting that these percentages are calculated based on the volume of all transactions, including trading of securities between Hong Kong’s and China’s financial markets.
Despite this development, some experts believe the Chinese yuan is still far from disrupting the dominance of the US dollar.
Economist Chris Leung notes that yuan internationalization is accelerating, but the currency’s share in global payment might remain small.
According to SWIFT, the Chinese yuan’s share of international payments was only 2.3% in March, even though the currency is weakening against the US dollar.
Former Treasury Secretary Larry Summers also dismissed the idea of the Chinese yuan posing a threat to the US dollar, citing concerns about the reliability of Chinese markets and the desire to move capital out of the country.